The way of development, starting with national liberation


Realization of the material-moral potential of the peoples in a concrete state model and the formation of the essential foundations for sustainable development are, as a rule, due to the phenomenal management qualities of the great leaders. Those leaders, who are determined to change the development of history, determine the political and economic foundations of the model of progressive development and the future strategic road map. On the basis of numerous examples, almost every nation was able to define its way of development with the leadership of such leaders, to have a worthy place in the world and to prove itself.

“The life path of each person is determined by his character”.-This word of Confucius, the great Chinese thinker, is relevant to our day. The essence, moral qualities, and leadership qualities of a human being, in fact, find his true embodiment in his deeds. Perhaps that’s why every human being does not have the happiness of becoming a leader of an entire society, of the nation, and make the nation pursue his own ideas. In this context we can say with certainty that the world-wide public and political figure, national leader Heydar Aliyev, as the author of half a century history of Azerbaijan, created ideological, political, economic and moral foundations of independent Azerbaijan statehood, and strategically realized the desire of the people to have an independent and powerful state, provided his eternal existence in our contemporary history, turned into a living legend in his health.

One of the major features embodied by the greatness of the great leader Heydar Aliyev was his commitment to a fair standard, avoiding any risk at all stages of his political activity, courage and determination. Thanks to these qualities, the great strategist transformed the idea of national statehood into a magnificent reality, as an independent Azerbaijan state, from the beginning of the 70s of the last century to the end of the century as a spark in the liberty of our people after the collapse of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, which celebrated its 100th jubilee.

National independence creates enormous opportunities for the effective use of existing economic, scientific-intellectual and cultural potential by raising the nation’s sustainable development to the national idea level. As a logical consequence of the global processes, which was flowing after the end of “cold war” towards the end of the last century, favorable ground for the restoration of Azerbaijan’s sovereignty occurred, thus the idea blossomed in the hearts of the people became real. But, at the initial stage, every nation that has gained independence will have to pass through such a responsible and difficult stage as to protect and strengthen it, as well as prepare a solid foundation for the future development of the state.

The terrible situation in the republic from October 1991 to June 1993 once again confirms this. The deepening of socio-economic recession, deterioration of people’s social well-being, violation of public-political stability, unguaranteed human rights and so on, destructive processes did not allow the de facto independence of the republic. The lack of a powerful vision of the government, the fate of the people and the future development of the power creates feelings of “nostalgia” to socialism in the past, and has a negative impact on the essence of the idea of national independence, which in its public opinion prevented adequate cessation. The irresponsibility of the political leadership led to the emergence of negative tendencies that became a serious threat to the statehood of Azerbaijan- the use of illegal armed units in the political struggle, ethnic separatism, and civil disobedience. The confrontation in Ganja in June 1993 was a peak level of political hypocrisy, anarchy atmosphere, and a total dissatisfaction with the political power.

In such situation, the exhausted Azerbaijani people put forward the demand for Heydar Aliyev to return to political power more firmly. Every day telegrams were sent to representatives from Nakhchivan, from different parts of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev was invited to the government and in difficult times to reach the people. The people would see the only way out with the help of their leader’s personality, determination and intelligence. ADR- Musavat regime, which was scared by the sense of responsibility before the people and history, and could not find a way out of the problems created by itself, could not keep up with this rightful demand of the people. On June 9, Heydar Aliyev arrived in Baku, where he went to Ganja to extinguish the flames of civil war, the first manifestation of which was accompanied by a great deal of difficulties and a crunch of the crisis. On June 15, 1993, one of the most responsible and glorious days of independent Azerbaijan’s political history took place. At the meeting of the Milli Majlis of Azerbaijan Republic, Heydar Alirza oghlu Aliyev was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet.

Heydar Aliyev’s return to the leadership of his people in the hardest days during which the fate of the Azerbaijani people was solved was the most difficult and honorable mission to save the independent Azerbaijan Republic, the Azerbaijani people, and the historical achievements gained in the national-liberation movement, voluntarily as an embodiment. In essence, he said, “I will sacrifice the rest of my life for my people,” his great and endless love for his homeland was and undeniable truth.

Academician Ramiz Mehdiyev, a prominent researcher from the scientific-philosophical and political view of our modern history, writes in his work “Creating and living independent statehood in Azerbaijan is a national policy of Heydar Aliyev”: “Confession of world politics in the twentieth century national phenomenon, created by Heydar Aliyev, is the national wealth that history was given to us, and we must realize its value. Both in the history of Azerbaijan and in the memory of the people, Heydar Aliyev remained and remains the symbol of an independent and sovereign state, a charismatic politician, a brave man and the greatest citizen. He is the author of a political course and national development strategy, which embodies a whole epoch of Azerbaijan’s most recent history, creating political, economic, legal, social, cultural, scientific foundations of an independent state and ensuring their consistent development.”

On June 15, Heydar Aliyev’s election as chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the country created a real basis for the elimination of mass dissatisfaction, chaos and conflict in the country, gradual decline in political tension, and in the real sense of the nation, to get rid of the great catastrophes. From the very first day when the Great Leader came to power, he began to build Azerbaijan, forming its national statehood attributes, and derivation of sovereignty from conventional independence movements and statements. National leader Heydar Aliyev, who knows that many of the ways of independence are a long and painful way of thinking, first of all, removed Azerbaijan from the idea of fate.

From this stage, the nationwide leader put forward a model of democratic development for the new era of Azerbaijan, at the same time pointing out the need to gradually adopt these progressive changes in public consciousness. The concept of statehood of the great leader was a new development model combining Azerbaijan’s historical traditions and modern European values. The factor of socio-political stability acted as one of the cornerstones of this model. Undoubtedly, it is impossible to achieve the fundamental principle of transition to a new management system without achieving stability, introducing fundamental principles such as market economy and democracy and human rights.

It is impossible to establish new economic relations without political support. From this point of view, consistent political and ideological support for Heydar Aliyev’s liberalization of the economy and entrepreneurship ensured the irreversibility of the process of economic modernization. In general, the basis of the economic development strategy set out by the great leader was the reforms envisaged in three stages: to overcome the crisis with a strong state regulation at the first stage, to ensure the stability of the economy at the second stage, and to achieve economic reforms carried out in each stage, the stability of the economy was ensured in 1996, and positive trends in socio-economic development began to emerge since 1997. Heydar Aliyev, acting as a supporter of a consistent and systematic implementation of reforms, first of all, highlighted an importance of land reform and privatization of state property, which, despite some minor shortcomings in the transition period, was successfully completed. The process of privatization, covering all spheres of the economy, created a real basis for the rapid formation of market economy criteria in the independent republic and the growth of the country’s foreign economic relations.

It is worth noting that in the early 1990’s, the gross domestic product per citizen in Azerbaijan was approximately 300-400 dollars. And under such circumstances, independent Azerbaijan could not be considered as a full democratic state even if it laid the foundation for democratic processes. In recent years, the volume of gross domestic product per citizen in Azerbaijan has exceeded 5000 manat. As the national income grows, the production of per capita product increases, the funds allocated for education, science, healthcare, information technologies are increasing. This brings people closer to each other and creates a solid foundation for the development of democratic processes. That is why the main concept of Mr. Ilham Aliyev’s presidency is the creation of a strong economic base. The strong economic base allows successful political and legal reforms.

Along with economic achievements of Azerbaijan, it also attracts the interests of the world with its independent foreign policy. Foreign policy, based on international law norms, mutual trust and beneficial cooperation, has further strengthened its relations with neighboring countries in recent years and actively supported the initiatives of peace, stability and economic cooperation in the region. Country diplomacy maximizes the priority of national interests on issues such as regional cooperation, energy security and representation in international organizations, rational and discreet attitude to the negative geopolitical tendencies observed in the region. A number of  prestigious international events organized in the Republic in 2003-2018 have also given a serious impetus to the international relations of official Baku, covering different areas.

At the same time, it should be clear that certain threats exist for the state independence of Azerbaijan at all times, but the attempts were unlucky. The notorious forces, which are not so large in terms of population and territory, and whose population is largely dependent on the Islamic religion, have become unable to reconcile with the region as an actual power center, and in the most different forms they try to find “pressure rings” against our country. Some state and international organizations, which became the captives of the “double standards”, do not want to deepen democratic processes in the country and to strengthen the welfare of the citizens.

 

The President of Azerbaijan, Mr. Ilham Aliyev, assured our citizens that there are still forces that want to exert such pressure on our republic but that such attempts will always be overthrown. Assistant to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on socio-political issues, Professor Ali Hasanov said: “Today it is difficult to imagine modern Azerbaijan without Heydar Aliyev. This prominent political figure left an indelible mark not only in the history of his people and Azerbaijan statehood, but also in all post-Soviet space. He gained undeniable reputation and deep respect throughout the world”. Yes, Azerbaijan is progressing and developing in the right way defined by Heydar Aliyev’s dictation. As a result, our republic has been through an incredible 25 years of unbelievable development and achieved economic progress achieved by many Western states for decades.

A number of activities have been carried out by the Knowledge Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan to enlighten the National Salvation Day, to explain the National Salvation philosophy, a special action plan approved by the Board of Knowledge Foundation has been developed and published in different parts of the country, “From National Salvation to Renaissance”, lectures on “Rescue and development mission”, “Stability and development: success formula” and other topics were organized, round tables, conferences were held, short film was shot, informational materials were sent to official e-mails of relevant foreign countries. Guidelines were given to the local Knowledge House to provide a series of events.

On the 25th anniversary of the National Salvation history, we can say with certainty that Azerbaijan, the great leader Heydar Aliyev, who has brought the path of dynamic reform into chaos and anarchy, from the danger of loss of statehood, is currently under the leadership of its worthy follower- President Ilham Aliyev- rapidly developing, renewing, became a democratized state. Our country is confident in the global crisis and maintains its rapid socio-economic development, implements large infrastructure projects, regional programs, and promotes energy security in Europe. Revival, renaissance tendencies in all spheres of the society are evident in social and cultural spheres. Most importantly, the integrity of the Azerbaijani society has been ensured today, and the optimistic vision for the future of the people has been shaped.

Isakhan Veliyev,

Head of the Office of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Doctor of Law, Professor.

Tarix: 14.06.2018

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